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Our Aim : Helping Real People Learn Hindi Language

Hindi Varnamala

Hindi Alphabet, just as the English alphabet, has vowels and consonants. Here you can familiarize yourself with the Hindi alphabet - Hindi Varnamala.

Hindi is mostly written in a script called Nagari or Devanagari. Hindi is normally spoken using a combination of 52 sounds - 10 vowels, 40 consonants, nasalisation and a kind of aspiration. These sounds are represented in the Devanagari script by 52 symbols: for 10 vowels, 2 modifiers and 40 consonants. You will also need to learn to recognize a character that traditionally represented a vowel but does not any longer, and four common conjunct consonants, which is actually a total of 57 symbols to remember to begin with.

Once you have learnt the basic characters you will then be easily able to learn the shorthand (matra) symbols for the vowels and the conjunct characters.

Vowels

Hindi alphabet have ten vowels and two modifiers which are given below. The symbols shown below the alphabets are known as "matra" symbols. Matra symbols are used when consonants and vowels are to be written together.

Hindi Alphabet Hindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi Alphabet
Hindi Alphabet
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Hindi Alphabet
a aa/A e/i ee/ii u oo/uu
Hindi Alphabet
Hindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
Hindi Alphabet
Hindi AlphabetHindi Alphabet
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e ai o ou aM aH

Vowels Not In Common Use

r^ r^^ l^ l^^ AUM


Consonants

Consonants in Hindi alphabet are shown below -

Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet
ka kha ga gha nga
Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet
cha chha ja jha nja
Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet
Ta Tha Da Dha Na
Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet
ta tha da dha na
Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet
pa pha / fa ba bha ma
Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet
ya ra la va/wa Sha
Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Hindi Alphabet त्र
shh sa ha ksh tra
ज्ञ
jnja

Dot+Consonants (Extensions)

.na .ra .La .ka .kha .ga .ja .Da .Dha .fa .ya

 

Special Symbols

The following symbols are pronounced using nasal in conjunction with other consonants.


Anusvara

Visarga

Chandra bindu

Chandra

Nukta
'
virama

udatta
M H .~
dot + tilda
~
tilda
.N `
grave accent
.^
dot + ^

anudatta

Danda

Double Danda

Avagraha

Grave accent

Accute accent
._
dot+ under score
|
vertical line
|| // \ /

Writing Hindi Alphabet

To practice writing Hindi alphabet, use the English keystrokes noted down below the Hindi letter. You'll need your regular English keyboard and a Hindi writing software (can be downloaded free from Web - see Resources section).